Cornelius Hotchkiss (10 Mar 1858 - 31 Mar 1930, right)
and Christina Hotchkiss nee Ferguson (23 Feb 1855 - 23 Aug 1931, left)
were married 31 Dec 1878, Bothkennar Parish, Carronshore, Scotland, and
immigrated to the United States in 1880, eventually settling in Burlingame,
Kansas, along with most of his parent's, Edward and Margaret's, descendants.
Cornelius (my gg-grandfater) owned one of the large coal mines in Burlingame at that time.
Washington Coal Mine 1913, Burlingame, Kansas. The family of
Margaret Hotchkiss nee Ferguson
came from Carronshore, Scotland to Burlingame,
Kansas in order to start mines to supply Kansas City with coal. There they joined
others, including the Washingtons, who are also documented on this site. My
is among those in this picture. These men,
their faces still covered in coal dust, appear to be on lunch break.
Carronshore home of
Margaret Hotchkiss nee Penman.
The writing is that of
Mary Washington nee Hotchkiss.
and very likely most of
the other nine children of this family, including my gg-grandfather
born in this house.
The Hotchkiss name appears to have originated in Shropshire, England during the
Norman times. My line of the Hotchkiss family appears to have arrived in the area near
Carronshore in the mid-1700's, as the earliest Scottish Hotchkiss in our line,
(23 Apr 1739 - 28 Apr 1789), was born in Madeley, Shropshire, England, and died in
Airth Parish, Stirlingshire, Scotland, where he had been a coal miner. One theory is
that he and his family came to Scotland to help improve the mining methods there, after
the British conquest in 1746. On arriving in Airth, the local priest apparently had not
previously heard the name, and wrote it as he thought he heard it, as "Hodgecase". Remember that
most people didn't write at this time, and the priests kept most of the records. This
spelling seems to have only lasted about as long as that priest, before it reverted to the
more normal spelling of "Hotchkiss".
This is interesting when you realize that the name Hotchkiss
itself appears to have originated sometime after 1066 with Anglo-Saxons mispronouncing the
French/Norman version of the Name Rodgers. To English ears the French "R" sounds almost more like
an "H" than an "R", and is sometimes written as Hr. In French, the "er" at the end of a word is
pronounced something like an accented long "a" sound in English. Also, in French, final consonants,
such as the "s" would not be pronounced. However, the "s" on the end of a Norman name couldn't be
lost as it had a meaning of either "son of", or "belonging to". Perhaps that might have been the
reason for the double "s", or more likely the Norman's didn't actually pronounce it until their
language started becoming Anglicized.
Hokeswode or Hawkeswood
- near Sudbury, in Shropshire, England (This picture from Stuart Hotchkiss, VP of the
Hotchkiss Family Association).
This was once the manner house of another
Hotchkiss line, besides my own, which came to Scotland in the mid-1700's.
James Hotchkiss of Hawkeswood, and of Sudbury
apparently sold the estate and moved to Edinburgh, where in 1751,
the daughter of a wealthy brewer. There the "Roll of Edinburgh
Burgesses and Guild Brethren, 1761-1841" from the Scottish Record Society, shows that on
27 June 1769, he was a merchant and brewer, a burgess of Edinburgh and Gild Brother in or by
right of his wife
Elizabeth, daughter of
Thomas Cleghorn, merchant, burgess of Edinburgh and
also carried on this profession. I have
found that many in
line eventually found their name transformed to "Huskie", as it seems
that in Scotland Hotchkiss is often pronounced more like "Hotchkie", dropping the final consonant
sound, similar to the way the French do. There was a family diamond ring in this line said to be
given by King Richard the 1st to one of the Family who was "Lord Mair" of London. This was last
recorded as given in the will of
Margaret Hotchkiss nee Hart, the wife of
James Hotchkiss, Esq. to their son
Dr. Richard James Hotchkiss
in 1876 "to go down in straight male line".
James Arthur Hotchkiss(6 Dec 1914 - 14 Jan 1991)
and great-granddaughter in 1986. My grandfather,
had genealogy as a hobby. I used to help him with this when I was young, and
promised to continue his work when he was gone.